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Title of the project

Baltic large carnivore project


Collect and distribute data and information on Baltic large canivores to gain a better understanding of the species in order to better help the population recovery that is occurring

Monitoring activities so as to produce some overall maps of species distribution;
gathering data on the level of carnivore depredation on domestic animals – mainly sheep, cattle and hunting dogs;
engaged the Estonian Fund for Nature to help distribute the results from the project in local languages as they appear;
translated a questionnaire that was distributed throughout Norway into the local languages of all four countries in order to compare public attitudes towards large carnivores in the region with those in Norway;
Our GIS studies will analyse the distribution data together with satellite maps of habitat, to develop coordinated conservation plans for the entire region;
the project aims to try and capture some wolves and lynx in Latvia and lynx and bears in Estonia. As well as teaching people how to trap, immobilise and radio-track carnivores they basic data on home range size and movements will help us interpret the data on distribution and population size.

Hunters’ assocciations worked with forestry administration agencies to collect and submit data on carnivore distributions,
hunters and farmers were surveyed for data on the extent of carnivore depredation of livestock.


Country Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland
Level International

Starting date


Habitat Types

Farmland, Forest/Woodland, Scrub/Grassland, Wetland, Coastal, Island, Mountains, Suburban

Protection status of the areas

Natura 2000, Emerald Network, Ramsar, Regional protected area, National protected area, Areas with voluntary or mandatory hunting ban, Hunting reserve, No protection status


Species Caracteristics Huntable species, Protected species, Threatened species
Species Type Large carnivores
Name(s) of main species grey wolf - Canis lupusEurasian lynx - Lynx lynxBrown bear - Ursus arctos

Conservation action(s)

Research and data collection (e.g. monitoring, bag data), Communication and education (for different target audiences e.g. hunters, the wider public)


Leading partners Norsk institutt for naturforskning (http://www.nina.no/)
Other partners ESTONIADepartment of Zoology and Hydrobiology, University of Tartu (http://www.ut.ee/en) Forest Research Institute & Faculty of Forestry, University of Agricultural Science, Tartu (http://mi.emu.ee/en/)Forestry Department, Ministry of the Environment, Tallinn (http://www.envir.ee/en)Estonian Fund for Nature, Tartu (http://www.elfond.ee/en/about-elf/estonian-fund-for-nature);Soomaa National Park (http://www.visitestonia.com/en/where-to-go/west-estonia/soomaa-national-park);LATVIAForest Research Institute – Silava (http://www.silava.lv/mainen/aboutus.aspx)State Forest Service, Riga (http://www.vmd.gov.lv/#jump)Kemeri National Park (http://www.celotajs.lv/en/e/kemerunacparks)LITHUANIAInstitute of Ecology, Vilnius (http://www.gamtostyrimai.lt/lt/users/groupList)POLANDMammal Research Institute, Bialowieza (http://www.zbs.bialowieza.pl/)Institute of Nature Conservation, Krakow (http://www.iop.krakow.pl/)

Estimation of the budget (total or annual)

3 million NOK