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Title of the project

Waterbirds: Research on prenuptial migration period


This study aims to contribute to an update of the key concepts document for Art 7(4) which is the official text adopted today by the EU regulations for the determination of hunting seasons.
More specifically, the research aims to determine the current starting dates of the pre-nuptial migration of ducks and waterfowl through Italy.

Every ten days, a counting of birds in a sample of Italian wetlands has been conducted during the period from January to February.
This is done by approx. 30 hunters on 30 sites, 3 times each month from January to February, in total 6 countings (1 per decade).

If the sample is large enough, it would also be possible to determine the starting date of the migration in some macro-regions (e.g. North Central South) of Italy.
This project is conducted to get reliable information on migration period, to be then used as technical data for hunting period determination.
The initiative is included in ACMA panel activities, like e.g. census of black-pellied plover and plover, analysis of ducks wings, counts of annual ducks and coot game bags.


Data collected in 3 years are now in porcess


Country Italy
Level National

Habitat Types



Species Caracteristics Huntable species, Migratory species
Species Type Birds

Conservation action(s)

Research and data collection (e.g. monitoring, bag data)


Leading partners ACMA ASSOCIAZIONE CACCIATORI MIGRATORI ACQUATICI (http://www.federcaccia.org/associazione_news_show.php?idn=147&id_associazione=1)FEDERAZIONE ITALIANA DELLA CACCIA UFFICIO AVIFAUNA MIGRATORIA (http://www.federcaccia.org/avifauna_migratoria.php)

Estimation of the budget (total or annual)

5000 euros for analyzing data and produce results

Estimation of Human Resources needed

Around 30-40 hunters-observers, and 2 ornithologists for processing data