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Title of the project

Project Artemis II: Defining game species’ population structure in Greece through hunting activity


The aim of the implementation of ARTEMIS II project is to record annually the structure (sex & age) of game species’ populations in Greece through the collection of biological samples, in order to be able to propose and implement the best management and conservation measures in each case.

The actions involved in the project are co-ordinated from a scientific team of specialists, researchers and academics. The study is carried out in the field by Gamekeepers of the Hunting Organizations.
When Gamekeepers of the Hunting Organizations realize controls in the field, they ask for permission from hunters they are controlling, in order to remove part of their harvested game individuals (front leg from Brown hare, one wing from Thrushes, Rock partridge, Chukar partridge, Turtle dove, Wood pigeon, Waterfowl species & Eurasian woodcock, and in-situ teeth recognition for Wild boar).
Biological samples which are removed are then forwarded each month to the scientific team of ARTEMIS II project, who store them appropriately and then realize identification of sex and age for each biological sample. All data are stored in electronic databases, and then data analysis & statistical approaches are implemented, and results are extracted.

Hunters give permission to the Gamekeepers of the Hunting Organizations who realize controls in the field, to remove part of their harvested game individuals


The most important benefit of ARTEMIS II project is the fact that through the recording of game species population structure, a scientific solid-based knowledge is gained about game populations in Greece which leads to concrete management, that secures sustainable hunting in Greece and an effective species’ conservation.


Country Greece
Level National

Starting date


Habitat Types

Farmland, Forest/Woodland, Scrub/Grassland, Wetland, Coastal, Island, Mountains, Suburban

Protection status of the areas

Natura 2000, Emerald Network, Ramsar, Regional protected area, National protected area, Areas with voluntary or mandatory hunting ban, Hunting reserve, No protection status


Species Caracteristics Huntable species, Abundant species, Threatened species
Species Type Birds, Mammals
Name(s) of main species European Rabbit (Oryctolgaus cuniculus), Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus), Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago), Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus), Eurorasian Coot (Fulicula atra), Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Common Woodpigeon (Columba palumpus), Common Pochard (Aythia ferina), Northern Shoveller (Anas clypeata), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Garganey (Anas querquedula), Wigeon (Anas penelope), Gadwall (Anas strepera), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), Common Teal (Anas crecca), Carrion Crow (Corvus corone), Jackdaw (Corvus monedula), Common Magpie (Pica pica), Starling (Sturnus vulgaris), Common Blackbird (Turdus merula), Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris), Redwing (Turdus iliacus), Mistle Thrush (Turdus viscivorus), Song Thrush (Turdus filomelos), Turtle Dove (Streptopelia turtur), Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), European Hare (Lepus europaeus), Skylark (Alauda arvensis), Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola), Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus), Common Quail (Coturnix coturnix), Chuckar Partridge (Alectoris chukar), Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes), Rock Partridge (Alectoris graeca), Beech marten (Martes foina), Wild boar (Sus scrofa)

Conservation action(s)

Research and data collection (e.g. monitoring, bag data), Communication and education (for different target audiences e.g. hunters, the wider public), Policy work (e.g. positioning of hunting organisations, demonstrating conservation actions), Enforcement (e.g. of hunting legislation, codes of conduct)


Leading partners The Hellenic Hunters Confederation (Κυνηγετική Συνομοσπονδία Ελλάδας). The website (http://www.ksellas.gr) will soon be available in 3 languages (Greek, French, English).
Other partners All 7 Hunting Federations in the country are participating in the successful implementation of ARTEMIS I project, as well as all 259 Hunting Clubs.

Estimation of the budget (total or annual)

The direct costs for the implementation of ARTEMIS II project are calculated at 30.000 Euros per year. This cost is completely covered from Greek Hunters. The exact process is as follows: Hellenic hunters pay their annual fees at the time of issuing or renewing their hunting license. Then, after the decision of the Board of Hellenic Hunters Confederation, part of the total funds which are collected are directed for the implementation of project ARTEMIS II. Every 3-5 years, an open competition is announced, where any interested scientific team may present its proposal in order to realize the work. When the concessionaire is chosen, the project is implemented. The project covers all Greek territory in national level, and it runs continuously since 2005.

Estimation of Human Resources needed

The scientific team which runs the project since 2005 is comprised from 3 main researchers, 2 trainees, and one academic professor who is the head researcher of the project. The team co-ordinates the project, but in order to implement it appropriately the contribution of all 7 Hunting Federations in the country along with the help of 259 Hunting Clubs and 350 Gamekeepers is also given, in order to collect biological samples from all the country.


Monitoring game species population trends through harvest in Greece (PowerPoint presentation) FACE Members MeetingAthens 29-31 March 2012