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Title of the project

Project Artemis I: Recording harvest parameters in Greece and monitoring game species’ population dynamics


The main aim of ARTEMIS I project is to monitor annually, the game species’ population dynamics through the recording of harvest parameters, in order to achieve a scientific and solid based game management and conservation in Greece.

The actions involved in the project are co-ordinated from a scientific team of specialists, researchers and academics. The study is carried out by hunters exclusively who complete annually a statistical questionnaire with the daily results of all their hunting outings, throughout a whole hunting season. A total of 10 variables are recorded during each hunting outing (hunting site, harvested individuals, observed individuals, time spent hunting, cartridges used, number of hunters, number of observed partridges), and the study includes all species which are hunted in Greece, 32 avian species and 5 mammals.
The statistical questionnaire is handed to the hunters at the opening of hunting season, when they renew their hunting license or when new hunters first issue their license. At the end of hunting season hunters return the completed questionnaires to the scientific team of ARTEMIS I project for data analysis.


The most important benefit of ARTEMIS I project is the fact that through the recording of harvest parameters and the monitoring of game species population dynamics, a scientific solid-based knowledge is gained about game populations in Greece which leads to concrete management, that secures sustainable hunting in Greece and an effective species’ conservation. The results of the study prove that hunting activity in Greece is proved to be practiced sustainably. It is demonstrated that the annual value of the quotient harvested/observed individuals (per hunter and outing) is remarkably stable during all the 17 years of the study. That fact attests undoubtedly to the sustainability of hunting in the country, since harvest always follows with stable rate game species availability, and always with much smaller values.More details are also obtained from ARTEMIS I project. For instance, hunting opportunity is also recorded, which after specific mathematical extrapolations can give a good estimation of the minimum observed game species’ population in the country. In addition game harvest is also recorded in detail for all game species, and the combination of these two indices along with the indices of hunting demand and hunting preference, can give exact estimations of game species population trends in the country, and lead to concrete conservation measures.


Country Greece
Level National

Starting date


Habitat Types

Farmland, Forest/Woodland, Scrub/Grassland, Wetland, Coastal, Island, Mountains, Suburban

Protection status of the areas

Natura 2000, Emerald Network, Ramsar, Regional protected area, National protected area, Areas with voluntary or mandatory hunting ban, Hunting reserve, No protection status


Species Caracteristics Huntable species, Abundant species, Threatened species
Species Type Birds, Mammals, Generalist predators
Name(s) of main species European Rabbit (Oryctolgaus cuniculus), Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus), Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago), Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus), Eurorasian Coot (Fulicula atra), Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons), Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula), Common Woodpigeon (Columba palumpus), Common Pochard (Aythia ferina), Northern Shoveller (Anas clypeata), Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), Garganey (Anas querquedula), Wigeon (Anas penelope), Gadwall (Anas strepera), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), Common Teal (Anas crecca), Carrion Crow (Corvus corone), Jackdaw (Corvus monedula), Common Magpie (Pica pica), Starling (Sturnus vulgaris), Common Blackbird (Turdus merula), Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris), Redwing (Turdus iliacus), Mistle Thrush (Turdus viscivorus), Song Thrush (Turdus filomelos), Turtle Dove (Streptopelia turtur), Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), European Hare (Lepus europaeus), Skylark (Alauda arvensis), Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola), Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus), Common Quail (Coturnix coturnix), Chuckar Partridge (Alectoris chukar), Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes), Rock Partridge (Alectoris graeca), Beech marten (Martes foina), Wild boar (Sus scrofa)

Conservation action(s)

Research and data collection (e.g. monitoring, bag data), Communication and education (for different target audiences e.g. hunters, the wider public), Policy work (e.g. positioning of hunting organisations, demonstrating conservation actions), Enforcement (e.g. of hunting legislation, codes of conduct)


Leading partners The Hellenic Hunters Confederation (Κυνηγετική Συνομοσπονδία Ελλάδας). The website (http://www.ksellas.gr) will soon be available in 3 languages (Greek, French, English).
Other partners All 7 Hunting Federations in the country are participating in the successful implementation of ARTEMIS I project, as well as all 259 Hunting Clubs.

Estimation of the budget (total or annual)

The project ARTEMIS I is completely funded by Greek Hunters money. The direct costs for the implementation of ARTEMIS I project are calculated at 30.000 Euros per year, a cost which is completely covered from Greek Hunters. The exact process is as follows: Hellenic hunters pay their annual fees at the time of issuing or renewing their hunting license. Then, after the decision of the Board of Hellenic Hunters Confederation, part of the total funds which are collected are directed for the implementation of project ARTEMIS I. Every 3-5 years, an open competition is announced, where any interested scientific team may present its proposal in order to realize the work. When the concessionaire is chosen, the project is implemented. It covers all Greece in national level, and it runs continuously since 1995.

Estimation of Human Resources needed

The scientific team which co-ordinates the project since 1995 is comprised from 3 main researchers, 2 trainees, and one academic professor who is the head researcher of the project. The team co-ordinates the project, but in order to implement it appropriately the contribution of all 7 Hunting Federations in the country along with the help of 259 Hunting Clubs is also given, in order to distribute the statistical questionnaires to the hunters and inform them of their importance, especially to the new hunters.


Monitoring game species population trends through harvest in Greece (PowerPoint presentation) FACE Members MeetingAthens 29-31 March 20127 articles:1. Thomaides C., Logothetis C.G., Karabatzakis T. & Christoforidou G. 1999. Analysis of harvest data for turdids during the hunting seasons 1994-1997, in Greece. OMPO Newsletter 19: 57-63.2. Thomaides C., Logothetis C.G., Christoforidou G. & Karabatzakis T. 1999. Characteristics of game harvest in Greece. In: Botev, N. ed: Proceedings of the XXII Congress of the International Union of Game Biologists, 4-8 September 1999, Sofia, Bulgaria. Pp. 277-288.3. Thomaides C., Logothetis C.G., Christoforidou G. & Karabatzakis T. 1996. Characteristics of game harvest in Greece. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium From research to action plans – Conservation and management of migratory birds in the Western Palearctic up to the year 2000, 15-17 March 1996, Bologna, Italy. Pp. 25-384. Thomaides C., Logothetis C.G., Christoforidou G. & Karabatzakis T. 1996. Characteristics of game harvest in Greece for the hunting season of 1994-1995. Proceedings of the National Congress of the Hellenic Forestry Society, 11-13 October 1995, Karditsa. Pp. 743-7535. Thomaides C., Logothetis C.G., Christoforidou G. & Karabatzakis T. 1998. The variables of hunting harvest as indices of game abundance for the game species European hare, Rock partridge, Eurasian woodcock and Quail. Proceedings of the National Congress of the Hellenic Forestry Society, 6-8 April 1998, Alexandroupoli.6. Thomaides C., Logothetis C.G., Karabatzakis T. & Christoforidou G. 2000. La distribution de la demande de chasse en relation de la variation de l’ abundance cynigetique, pendant la saison de la chasse, pour les especes de gibiers les plus populaires, en Grece. In : Thomaides C. and Kipridemos N., edts. Proceedings of the XXIV Congress of the International Union of Game Biologists, 20-24 September, 1999, Thessaloniki, Greece. Pp. 152-1587. Thomaides C., Logothetis C.G., Karabatzakis T. & Christoforidou G. 2001. Harvest data for turtle dove (Streptopelia turtur) and quail (Coturnix coturnix) during the hunting seasons 1994-1998 in Greece. In: Kassinis N. & Panayides P., edts. Proceedings of the Symposium of the Status, Management and Conservation of the Species Alectoris, Black Francolin, Thrush, Quail and Turtle Dove in the Mediterranean Region, 8-10 October 1999, Lemesos, Cyprus. Pp. 59-69